Causes of Sacroiliitis and Managed Treatment Options
The sacroiliac (SI) joint is located on both sides of the pelvis and connects to the sacrum. It is responsible for providing smooth mobility and absorbing shock from the body during movement. Inflammation in the SI joint can lead to pain in the lower back, buttocks and legs, as well as stiffness or limited mobility in the hips. This inflammation is called sacroiliitis.
A few different things can cause sacroiliitis, including pregnancy, arthritis or hip trauma. In order to identify a treatment plan for joint inflammation, the team at Posture Works assists patients in San Francisco, CA and Denver, CO in determining the original cause of the pain.
Causes of sacroiliitis
Inflammation of the sacroiliac joint may be caused by a few different things. Some are directly related to degeneration of the joint, where others may be caused by an outlying infection.
- Degenerative arthritis: Osteoarthritis of the spine can affect the SI joints. When degeneration of the joints occurs, it can cause inflammation and pain.
- Spondyloarthropathy: Spondyloarthropathy is a grouping of inflammatory conditions in the spine, including ankylosing spondylitis. These conditions may also cause inflammation in the SI joints.
- SI joint dysfunction: Although many people use sacroiliitis and sacroiliac joint dysfunction interchangeably, the two conditions actually differ. Sacroiliitis refers directly to the inflammation of the joint, and dysfunction may or may not cause inflammation.
- Trauma: If the patient has recently been in a car accident or suffered a major injury to the hips, they may have damaged the SI joint, resulting in inflammation.
- Pregnancy: Pregnant women often suffer from sacroiliitis because the SI joints stretch as the pelvis widens for childbirth.
- Infection: An infection in the SI joints may occur, or an outlying infection such as a urinary tract infection can cause SI joint inflammation.
Stopping the pain
For people suffering from sacroiliitis, there are many avenues for managed treatment, depending on the cause. The first thing your doctor will do is determine whether your pain is, in fact caused by SI joint inflammation by conducting tests and by identifying the true cause of the inflammation.
One of the most common includes taking pain reliever medications, whether over-the-counter anti-inflammatory, prescription medications or muscle relaxers.
Other medical treatments may include corticosteroid injections to reduce inflammation and electrical stimulation. Surgery, such as joint fusion surgery, may be a solution for more severe cases.
For patients who want to avoid medications or invasive treatments, physical therapy and chiropractic treatments may help reduce inflammation and restore mobility. Stretching and range-of-motion exercises, like the hip flexion exercise and hip adduction isometric hold, can aid in flexibility and stabilize the muscles surrounding the joint. Many chiropractors help patients of all ages improve their mobility and sacroiliitis through chiropractic treatment and spinal alignment.
The chiropractors at Posture Works in San Francisco, CA and Denver, CO welcome patients suffering from sacroiliitis. Through our use of Chiropractic BioPhysics (CBP), which emphasizes a holistic approach to personalized patient care, we strive to help you move and feel better in your everyday life without extensive medications or invasive procedures. Contact us today to learn more about our chiropractic services.
Chiropractic BioPhysics, or CBP, is one of the most scientific, researched, and results-oriented corrective care techniques. CBP-trained chiropractors aim to realign the spine back to health, eliminating nerve interference and addressing the source of pain, fatigue, and disease. As with all chiropractic care, CBP is gentle, painless, and non-invasive.